Adame Ndiaye - Jackal

Canus Aureus ( commonly known as the Jackal )

The Golden Jackal ( Canis Aureus) updated 10/15/09

The Black backed Jackal ( Canis Aureus ) updated 10/15/09

The Jackal

biological name ( CANIS AUREUS )

Location and natural habitat

There are two different types of jackals, the Golden jackal, and the black backed jackal.
They are found throughout North and East Africa, Southeast Europe and East Asia.
They are independent creatures who live in mated pairs with their young. In a typical jackal
family their are four adults, usually two who are the parents and the other two who are called
helpers. Helpers are offsprings of the original couple, but they have reached sexual maturity
which makes their role in the family to stay with the parents for a year, andhelp raise the next
batch of offsprings. During this season, helpers do not breed. Jackals are predators, but they
normally do not hunt larger animals, they mostly consume gazelle offsprings or any type of
small provider. They dig caverns, or use crevices in rocks for shelter with their mates.
Located in North and East Africa, Southeast Europe and East Asia. updated 10/15/09


The average jackal's normal body length is 70 to 85 cm with a tail length of 25 cm.
It stands about 40 cm tall and has a coarse amount of fur throughout its body. Its fur color varies generally from goldish brown to yellow, depending on the season or region.
Jackals are secondary consumers, in competition with lions, cheetas and many more large or larger creatures.
Throughout East Africa, jackals give birth mainly around January-February.
Throughout Southeast Europe, they give birth mainly around April-May.
The pregnancy period of an average jackal mother is usually 63 days, and they are able to reproduce so for eight years of their maternal life. However, they can only reproduce after reaching sexual maturity, which is at eleven months. After birth, litters can contain from one to nine pups, but most mothers usually produce from two to four. The pups open their
eyes and are active after ten days. Then After eight weeks of nursing, the pups are then
weaned, furthermore they are fed solid food after the end of three months. During this
period, they are highly protected by both parents.
Jackals are very coperative animals for examples:
  • They rest together
  • They forage together
  • They hunt together
  • They transport food together
They also work together to maintain and hold territories of two to three kilometers wide throughout the whole year.
Both the male and female parent participate in hunting and providing protection for their young. they also have ways of keeping track of each other by howling, growling or barking.
The helpers have equal responsibility to the parents. They serve for protection, hunting and general nursery. A jackal's behavior is much similar to that of a domesticated dog or wolf, and even more similarities are: for a jackal to mark her/his territory, it sprays
urine on the preffered area and leaves a temporary mark. This mostly occurs during mating
Jackal (Canis Areus) puppies. updated 10/15/09


Jackals have a varied diet which contains many nutrition they need to stay healthy. They
consume approximately 46% palnts and 54% animals. This shows that they are both
herbivores and carnivores. This diet consits of gazelles, rodents, ground birds, deer, reptiles,
frogs, fish, insects, fruits and common plants and crops.
Back from hunting. updated 10/15/09

​Population status

The jackal population is not endangered, their growth and development is thriving
and constant.

Work cited


Jackals only live up to sixteen years old (in captivity), but normally
(in the wild), the average life span is eight to nine years.